Chinese for Tomorrow, Volume 1
Hsk 5 vocabulary list with simplified and traditional chinese character and English definition from mdbg.
mandarin intermediate vocabulary
Basic Chinese vocabulary
Misc vocabulary with the han character, pinyin and translation in English
Hsk-4 vocabulary in French.
You will need simplified Chinese fonts, though a unicode font is recommended because of the pinyin tone marks, which are not properly implemented in all GB fonts.
The HSK is the standardised Chinese proficiency test and the characters in the HSK tables are both needed to pass the test and considered important by the Chinese government. It is a common way to gauge progress. Learning the most frequent characters first is obviously also a good supplemental strategy.